Air pollution is contributing to about 40,000 early deaths a year in the UK, the Royal Colleges of Physician and Paediatrics and Child Health have said.
While the pollutants have changed over time – from coal soot to diesel vehicle emissions – the health risks remain.
Tobacco still poses the biggest indoor menace, but wood-burning staves, spraying deodorants, cleaning products, air fresheners and fly spraying contribute.
Mould and mildew in poorly ventilated rooms can also cause illness.
“Being indoors can offer some protection against outdoor air pollution, but it can also uncovered us to other air pollution sources, ” the report says.
“There is now good awareness of the risks from badly maintained gas appliances, radioactive radon gas and second-hand tobacco smoke, but indoors we can also be presented to NO2[ nitrogen dioxide] from gas cook and solvents that slowly ooze from plastics, paints and furnishings.
“The lemon-and-pine scents that we use to attain our homes smell fresh can react chemically to generate air pollutants, and ozone-based air fresheners can also cause indoor air pollution.”
Co-author Prof Jonathan Grigg said there was now clear evidence air pollution – largely from mills and traffic – was linked to heart disease and lung problems, including asthma.
“As NHS expenses continue to escalate due to poor public health – asthma alone costs the NHS an estimated 1bn a year – it is essential that policy makers consider the effects of long-term exposure on our children and the public purse, ” he said.
Prof Grigg said the public could also help by 😛 TAGEND walking, cycling or taking the bus or train instead of driving, when possible keeping gas appliances and solid fuel burners in good mend inducing homes more energy efficient