Over 80 but as healthy as a 20 -year-old

Image caption Professor Norman Lazarus, aged 82, has the immune system of a 20 year old

Doing lots of exercise in older age can avoid the immune system from declining and protect people against infections, scientists say.

They followed 125 long-distance cyclists, some now in their 80 s, and found they had the immune systems of 20 -year-olds.

Prof Norman Lazarus, 82, of King’s College London , who took part in and co-authored studies and research, said: “If exercise was a pill, everyone would be taking it.

“It has wide-ranging benefits for the body, the mind, for our muscles and our immune system.”

The research was published in the periodical Aging Cell .

Prof Janet Lord, director of the Institute of Inflammation and Ageing, at the University of Birmingham, and co-author of the research, said: “The immune system declines by about 2-3 % a year from our 20 s, which is why older people are more vulnerable to infections, conditions like rheumatoid arthritis and, potentially, cancer.

“Because the cyclists have the immune system of a 20 -year-old rather than a 70 – or 80 -year-old, it means they have added protection against all these issues.”

The researchers looked at markers in the blood for T-cells, which help the immune system respond to new infections.

These are produced in the thymus, a gland in the chest, which normally shrinks in sizing in adulthood.

‘Out of puff’

They found that the endurance cyclists were rendering the same level of T-cells as adults in their 20 s, whereas a group of inactive older adults were rendering very few.

The researchers believe that being physically active in old age will help people be more responsive to vaccines, and so be better protected against infections such as flu.

Steve Harridge, co-author and professor of physiology at King’s College London, said: “Being sedentary runs against evolution because humans are designed to be physically active.

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Media captionOne elderly cyclist said he had the body fat of a 19 -year-old

“You don’t need to be a competitive athlete to reap the benefits – or be an endurance cyclist – anything which get you moving and a little bit out of puff will help.”

Prof Harridge and Prof Lazarus believe that highly physically active older people represents the perfect group in which to analyse the true effects of biological ageing.

A separate paper in Aging Cell found that the cyclists did not lose muscle mass or strength, and did not insure an increase in body fat – which typically associated with ageing.

I met a dozen of the cyclists, on a morning ride in Surrey. Despite the bitter cold, they were universally cheerful, and clearly to benefit from riding in all weathers.

They are members of Audax, a long-distance cycling organisation that organises events ranging from 100 km to 300 km.

The older members – in their 80 s – say they do merely the “short” 100 km( 62 -mile) rides, but this is still highly impressive.

So why do they do it?

Pam Jones, 79, told me: “I do it for my health, because it’s sociable, and because I enjoy the freedom of the media it gives you.”

Brian Matkins, 82, said: “One of the first results I got from the medical examine was I was told my body fat was comparable to that of a 19 -year-old.”

Aged simply 64, Jim Woods, is a comparative child in different groups. He averages 100 miles a week on his motorcycle, with more during the summer.

He said: “I cycle for a sense of wellbeing and to enjoy our wonderful countryside.”

Cycling 60 miles or more may not be your notion of fun, but these riders have found something that gives them pleasure, which is a key reasons for they continue.

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